Urban Indian Health Organizations (UIHO) are private, non-profit, corporations that serve American Indian and Alaska Native people in select cities with a range of health and social services, from outreach and referral to full ambulatory care. UIHO are funded in part under Title V of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act and receive limited grants and contracts from the federal Indian Health Service (IHS). UIHO are located in 19 states serving individuals in approximately 100 U.S. counties, in which over 1.2 million AI/ANs reside, according to the 2010 U.S. Census. UIHO provide traditional health care services, cultural activities and a culturally appropriate place for urban AI/ANs to receive health care.
- UIHO are network of 34 not-for-profit community health centers that play a vital role in providing culturally appropriate health care, outreach and referral services to urban American Indian and Alaska Native communities
- UIHO were established through Title V of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act and receive funding through the Indian Health Service (IHS)
- Collectively, UIHO receive only 1% of the IHS budget but serve approximately 150,000 clients each year
- UIHO services range from comprehensive primary medical to outreach and referral