Urban Indian Health Organizations (UIHOs) are private, non-profit, corporations that serve American Indian and Alaska Native people in select cities with a range of health and social services, from outreach and referral to full ambulatory care. UIHOs are funded in part under Subtitle IV of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act and receive limited grants and contracts from the federal Indian Health Service (IHS). UIHOs are located in 19 states serving individuals in approximately 100 U.S. counties, in which over 1.2 million AI/ANs reside, according to the 2010 U.S. Census. UIHOs provide traditional health care services, cultural activities and a culturally appropriate place for urban AI/ANs to receive health care.
- UIHOs are network of 33 not-for-profit community health centers that play a vital role in providing culturally appropriate health care, outreach and referral services to urban American Indian and Alaska Native communities
- UIHOs were established through Subtitle IV of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act and receive funding through the Indian Health Service (IHS)
- Collectively, UIHOs receive only 1% of the IHS budget but serve approximately 150,000 clients each year
- UIHOs services range from comprehensive primary medical to outreach and referral